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Here’s one way New York City is encouraging more school collaboration

PHOTO: Alex Zimmerman
P.S. 154 Assistant Principal Jessica Cruz chats with other educators at a Monday event for the city's Showcase Schools.

Nigel Pugh knows many of his students can’t have open conversations about gender and sexuality with their parents, and that it can be risky for them to bring those discussions to school.

So as principal of Manhattan’s Richard R. Green High School of Teaching, a school that has a reputation for attracting LGBT students, Pugh has made sure there are opportunities to talk about everything from controversial transgender bathroom ordinances, to what it means to be a non-traditional family.

“Most people in a high school have a very traditional view of gender,” said Pugh. “But we have a number of students and one visiting teacher who are in the process of transitioning and rethinking their gender.” Some students, he added, “wanted to bring more sophisticated, more nuanced discussions to the table.”

But those discussions won’t necessarily stay confined to that school. Starting this fall, Richard R. Green will open its doors to dozens of educators from around the city to show off the ways those conversations are unfolding: from lunchtime and afterschool groups, to a training program — partially developed by a student — that helps teachers understand the terminology surrounding different gender identities.

Richard R. Green is one of the city’s “Showcase Schools,” a program designed to help spread effective teaching practices by asking schools to host dozens of educators at least three times throughout the year. Launched three years ago with 17 schools, the program will include 37 this coming school year, 11 more than last year.

Nigel Pugh (left) chats with Lorraine Pierre, a teacher leader at West Side Collaborative Middle School
PHOTO: Alex Zimmerman
Nigel Pugh (left) chats with Lorraine Pierre, a teacher leader at West Side Collaborative Middle School.

Its expansion highlights schools Chancellor Carmen Fariña’s philosophy of school improvement, which centers on expanding opportunities for teacher training and collaboration. Roughly 300 of the city’s 1,800 public schools will participate in one of three initiatives designed to encourage schools to share ideas — including the Learning Partners Program, where one host school partners with a small cluster of others to share its strengths; the Middle School Quality Initiative, which focuses on literacy; and Showcase.

“We know that top-down solutions […] and competition aren’t going to help us get better,” Deputy Chancellor Phil Weinberg told a room full of next year’s Showcase schools, which the education department gathered earlier this week to launch this year’s program. “We have an obligation to be teachers not just of our students, but each other,” he said.

The participating Showcase schools were chosen for a variety of strengths, ranging from early childhood literacy, to the arts. Some school leaders said the program is already making a difference.

After visiting a “Showcase” interdisciplinary arts program at P.S. 69 in Brooklyn, Kasandra Lopez-Garcia, assistant principal at P.S. 39 in Staten Island, helped revamp her own school’s curriculum to include art in multiple subjects. In social studies, for instance, students at P.S. 39 now make models of covered wagons in a unit about westward exploration of the United States. “It gives students with different kinds of intelligence a chance to shine,” she said.

The Showcase program also features schools that aren’t always celebrated, including one from Mayor Bill de Blasio’s “Renewal” turnaround program.

That school, the South Bronx’s P.S. 154, was chosen partly because it encourages its paraprofessionals (who often work one-on-one with disabled students) to also work with small groups of students. That frees up the classroom teacher to shuttle around the room and check in on each student’s progress.

“It helps you utilize the resources you already have,” said Assistant Principal Jessica Cruz, of the school’s use of paraprofessionals. “What we found is [they] don’t just want to sit there” when their assigned student doesn’t need immediate attention, she added.

Still, some leaders acknowledged that despite being selected as model schools, there is still room for improvement within their own walls. Pugh, whose school is being spotlighted for its attention to LGBT students, said it will likely take years of work before all sexual orientations and gender identities are accepted outside of the “safe spaces” that have been constructed for them.

“I hope that other schools will realize this work is important and urgent,” Pugh said. “The work we’re doing is maybe slightly ahead of the curve.”

IPS School Board Race 2018

Indiana teachers union spends big on Indianapolis Public Schools in election

PHOTO: Dylan Peers McCoy/Chalkbeat
IPS board candidate signs

The political arm of Indiana’s largest teachers union is spending big on the Indianapolis Public Schools board. The group donated $68,400 to three candidates vying for seats on the board this November, according to pre-election campaign finance disclosures released Friday.

The three candidates — Susan Collins, Michele Lorbieski, and Taria Slack — have all expressed criticism of the current board and the leadership of Superintendent Lewis Ferebee. Although that criticism touches on many issues, one particular bone of contention is the district’s embrace of innovation schools, independent campuses that are run by charter or nonprofit operators but remain under the district’s umbrella. Teachers at those schools are employed by the school operators, so they cannot join the union.

The trio was also endorsed by the IPS Community Coalition, a local group that has received funding from a national teachers union.

It’s not unusual for teachers unions to spend on school board elections. In 2016, the union contributed $15,000 to an unsuccessful at-large candidate for the Indianapolis Public Schools board. But $68,400 dwarfs that contribution. Those disclosures do not capture the full spending on the election. The three candidates endorsed by Stand for Children Indiana — Mary Ann Sullivan, Dorene Rodríguez Hoops, and Evan Hawkins — are likely getting significant unreported benefits.

Stand for Children, which supports innovation schools, typically sends mailers and hires campaign workers to support the candidates it endorses. But it is not required to disclose all of its political activity because it is an independent expenditure committee, also known as a 501(c)(4), for the tax code section that covers it. The group did not immediately respond to a request for information on how much it is spending on this race.

The candidates’ fundraising varied widely in the reporting period, which covered the period from April 14 to Oct. 12, with Taria Slack bringing in $28,950 and Joanna Krumel raising $200. In recent years, candidates have been raising significantly more money than had been common. But one recent candidate managed to win on a shoestring: Elizabeth Gore won an at-large seat in 2016 after raising about $1,200.

Read more: See candidates’ answers to a Chalkbeat survey

One part of Stand for Children’s spending became visible this year when it gave directly to tax campaigns. The group contributed $188,842 to the campaign for two tax referendums to raise money for Indianapolis Public Schools. That includes a $100,000 donation that was announced in August and about $88,842 worth of in-kind contributions such as mailers. The group has a team of campaign workers who have been going door-to-door for months.

The district is seeking to persuade voters to support two tax increases. One would raise $220 million for operating funds, such as teacher salaries, over eight years. A second measure would raise $52 million for building improvements. Donations from Stand for Children largely power the Vote Yes for IPS campaign, which raised a total of $201,717. The Indiana teachers union also contributed $5,000.

Here are the details on how much each candidate has raised and some of the notable contributions:

At large

Incumbent Mary Ann Sullivan, a former Democrat state lawmaker, raised $7,054. Her largest contribution came from the Indy Chamber Business Advocacy Committee, which donated $4,670. She also received $1,000 from Steel House, a metal warehouse run by businessman Reid Litwack. She also received several donations of $250 or less.

Retired Indianapolis Public Schools teacher Susan Collins, who is one of the candidates supported by the union, raised $16,422. The Indiana Political Action Committee for Education contributed $15,000. She also received several donations of $200 or less.

Ceramics studio owner and Indianapolis Public Schools parent Joanna Krumel raised $200. Her largest contribution, $100, came from James W. Hill.

District 3

Marian University Executive Director of Facilities and Procurement and Indianapolis Public Schools parent Evan Hawkins raised $22,037. His largest contributions from individuals were from businessmen Allan Hubbard, who donated $5,000, and Litwack, who donated $2,500. The Indy Chamber Business Advocacy Committee contributed $4,670 and web design valued at $330. He also received several donations of $1,000 or less. His donors included IPS board member Venita Moore, retiring IPS board member Kelly Bentley’s campaign, and the CEO of The Mind Trust, Brandon Brown.

Frost Brown Todd trial attorney and Indianapolis Public Schools parent Michele Lorbieski, who is one of the candidates supported by the union, raised $27,345. The Indiana Political Action Committee for Education contributed $24,900. She also received several contributions of $250 or less.

Pike Township schools Director of Information Services Sherry Shelton raised $1,763, primarily from money she contributed. David Green contributed $116.

District 5

Incumbent Dorene Rodríguez Hoops, an Indianapolis Public Schools parent, raised $16,006. Her largest contributors include Hubbard, who donated $5,000; the Indy Chamber Business Advocacy Committee, which gave $4,670 and web design valued at $330; and the MIBOR PAC, which contributed $1,000. She also received several contributions of $500 or less, including from Bentley.

Federal employee and Indianapolis Public Schools parent Taria Slack, who is one of the candidates supported by the union, raised $28,950. The Indiana Political Action Committee for Education contributed $28,500.

Innovation zone

Two more Denver schools win additional freedom from district rules

PHOTO: J. Zubrzycki/Chalkbeat
Alex Magaña, then principal at Grant Beacon Middle School, greeted students as they moved between classes in 2015.

Two more Denver schools this week won more flexibility in how they spend their money and time. The schools will create a new “innovation zone,” bringing the district’s number of quasi-autonomous zones to three.

The Denver school board on Thursday unanimously approved the schools’ application to operate more independently from district rules, starting in January.

The new zone will include Grant Beacon Middle School in south Denver and Kepner Beacon Middle School in southwest Denver. The two schools are high-performing by the district’s standards and follow a model that allows students to learn at their own pace.

With just two schools, the zone will be the district’s smallest, though Beacon leaders have signaled their intent to compete to open a third school in the growing Stapleton neighborhood, where the district has said it will need more capacity. The district’s other two innovation zones have four and five schools each.

Schools in zones are still district schools, but they can opt out of paying for certain district services and instead spend that money on things that meet their specific needs, such as additional teachers or aides. Zones can also form nonprofit organizations with their own boards of directors that provide academic and operational oversight, and help raise extra dollars to support the schools.

The new zone, called the Beacon Schools Network Innovation Zone, will have a five-member board of directors that includes one current parent, two former parents, and two community members whose professional work is related to education.

The zone will also have a teacher council and a parent council that will provide feedback to its board but whose members won’t be able to vote on decisions.

Some Denver school board members questioned the makeup of the zone’s board.

“I’m wondering about what kinds of steps you’re going to take to ensure there is a greater representation of people who live and reside in southwest Denver,” where Kepner Beacon is located, asked school board member Angela Cobián, who represents the region. She also asked about a greater representation of current parents on the board.

Alex Magaña, who serves as executive principal over the Beacon schools and will lead the new zone, said he expects the board to expand to seven members within a year. He also said the parent council will play a key role even if its members can’t vote.

“The parent council is a strong influence,” he said. “If the parent council is not happy, that’s going to be impacting both of the schools. I don’t want to undersell that.”

Other Denver school board members questioned the zone’s finances and how dependent it would be on fundraising. A district summary of the zone’s application notes that the zone’s budget relies on $1.68 million in foundation revenue over the next 5½ years.

Magaña said the zone would eventually seek to expand to four schools, which would make it more financially stable. As for philanthropic dollars, he said the zone would work to ensure any loss of revenue doesn’t hurt the schools’ unique programs or enrichment.

“I can’t emphasize enough that it won’t impact the schools,” he said.

Ultimately, Denver school board members said they have confidence in the Beacon model and look forward to seeing what its leaders do with their increased autonomy.