Future of Schools

City submits plans for struggling schools, after delay

After a months-long delay, the city on Friday submitted improvement plans to the state for roughly 250 of its lowest performing schools, including two that must make drastic changes or face closure.

The city submitted “placeholder plans” by the original July due date, but asked for extra time to file the final versions. Although the plans were supposed to be in effect by the start of the school year, the state gave the city until November to finalize them. Before that deadline arrived, the city asked for and received a final extension, under the condition that the completed plans would include targets for improved academics, attendance, student credit-earning and course-taking, and school culture.

Schools were supposed to craft their own plans under the “direction and guidance” of the city, according to state officials. Earlier this year, some principals said the extensions would make it harder for them to turn around their schools this year, and critics have questioned why it took the city so long to finalize its strategy for schools that need the most attention.

The plans, which were filed with the state and posted on the schools’ websites Friday, show that the goals and strategies to meet them vary by school.

For instance, the plan for Brooklyn’s Boys and Girls High School — one of the two schools that state officials said must make major changes this year or face closure — says it will increase its student attendance rate by 7 percentage points and student will earn at least 11 credits by June. To make these and other improvements, the plans says the school will assign mentors to some students, send staffers to the homes of frequently absent students, and add an extra period to the day, among other changes.

At J.H.S. 162, also in Brooklyn, the plan calls for a 2 percent increase in the school’s attendance rate by partnering with outside support groups. It also says the school will rewrite the curriculum used for English learners, create “at least 2 pre- and post-unit assessments,” and improve the way administrators evaluate teachers.

Meanwhile, the plan for the Bronx’s Banana Kelly High School sets the goal of a 10 percent increase in Regents exam pass rates and a 5 percent increase in graduation rates by June. (Last year, its goals for both of those metrics were 3 percent increases.) It also says that 14 of 27 teachers will earn a rating of “effective” on their evaluations.

Banana Kelly is one of 94 of these low-ranked schools that the city grouped into a new school-turnaround program dubbed “school renewal.” The plans for those schools mention that, through the program, they will add after-school sessions, extra mental and physical health services, and “intensive” training for all staffers.

Online Shopping

Jeffco launches universal enrollment site to make school choice easy

PHOTO: Yesenia Robles, Chalkbeat
Students in a social studies class at Bear Creek High School in Jeffco Public Schools read about Genghis Khan.

Starting Monday, parents in Colorado’s second-largest district will be able to shop online for schools and, once enrollment opens in January, apply to as many as they like.

The launch of Enroll Jeffco, following the path paved by Denver Public Schools, means some 86,000 students and their parents won’t have to go to individual schools during the work day and fill out paper forms if they want to apply somewhere other than their neighborhood school.

The online system cost about $600,000 to develop and operate for this school year. The district expects it to cost about half of that annually going forward.

Universal enrollment systems allow parents to compare and apply to traditional district-run schools, district schools with specialized programming or models, known in Jeffco as options schools, and charter schools with a single application on the same website. Universal enrollment systems are a key component of what some call the “portfolio model,” in which districts oversee a range of school types and parents vote with their feet. They’ve been controversial in places, especially when coupled with aggressive school accountability policies that lead to school closures.

In Jeffco Public Schools, which is more affluent than many Denver metro area districts, officials see the move to a single, online enrollment system as a valuable service for parents.

“Regardless of how people feel about it, we operate in a competitive school choice environment, both inside the district and outside the district,” Superintendent Jason Glass said. “That compels us to make thinking about that transaction, making people aware of the options and enrolling in our schools, as frictionless and easy as possible.”

Colorado law requires schools in any district to admit any student for whom they have room and for whom the district can provide adequate services, after giving priority to students who live in the district. But many districts still require paper applications at individual schools, and schools in the same district might not have the same deadlines. A recent report by the conservative education advocacy group Ready Colorado found that parents who use school choice are more likely to be white, middle- or upper-class, and English-speaking than the state’s student population. The authors argue that districts should streamline the enrollment process and consider providing transportation to make choice more accessible.

Jeffco isn’t rolling out new transportation options yet, but it might use data from the enrollment process, including a parent survey that is built into the website, to see if that’s desired or feasible. And officials believe strongly that the new online enrollment system will open up more opportunities for low-income parents and those who don’t speak English.

The website will provide information in the district’s six most commonly spoken languages and should be optimized for use on mobile phones. All parents will be required to use the system to express their preferences, including the majority of parents who want to stay in their neighborhood school, and the district is planning significant outreach and in-person technical assistance.

We believe that if all parents are participating, it improves equity,” Glass said. “One of the things we struggle with is that upwardly mobile and affluent parents tend to be the ones who take advantage of school choice. We want all of our schools to be available to all of our families. We think being able to search through and make the enrollment process as easy as possible is an equity issue.”

But critics of universal enrollment systems worry that the ease of application will encourage parents to give up on neighborhood schools rather than invest in them.

Rhiannon Wenning, a teacher at Jefferson Junior-Senior High School, said the link between charter schools and open enrollment systems makes her distrustful, even as many of her students are using the choice process to stay at the school after rising home prices pushed them into other parts of the metro area.

“I understand parents want what is best for their child, but part of that as a citizen and a community member is to make your neighborhood school the school that you want it to be,” she said, calling the universal enrollment system an attack on public schools.

Joel Newton of the Edgewater Collective, which provides community support for lower-income schools in the eastern part of the district, said Enroll Jeffco will give the district much better data on which to base decisions, but he worries that Title I schools, which serve large numbers of students from low-income families, won’t be able to compete.

“With an online system like this, it really needs to be a level playing field,” he said. “And in my area, I’d much rather have resources going to curriculum and instructional aides to catch kids up than going into marketing support. But other areas can do that and they have these big, well-funded PTAs.”

Until now, parents have had to seek out information on each school’s website. The online portal starts by asking parents to enter their address and the grade in which they’re enrolling a student. It then displays the parents’ neighborhood school, with an option to explore alternatives. Each school page has extensive information, including a short narrative, descriptions of special programs like math, arts, or expeditionary learning, the school mascot, and the racial and economic breakdown of the student population. The intent, district spokesperson Diana Wilson said, is to let schools “tell their own story.”

Parents can select as many schools as they want when enrollment opens Jan. 22, and they’ll learn in mid- to late February where they got in. However, they have to commit within five days to one school, ending a practice by which parents in the know kept their options open through the summer months. District officials say this will help them plan and budget better.

Kristen Harkness, assistant director for special education in Jeffco, served on the steering committee that developed the system, and she’s also a parent in the district. Even as a district employee who thought she knew the process inside and out, she managed to miss a deadline for her son to be considered at another middle school.

She said that choosing between schools isn’t a matter of which schools are better but which are a better fit for a particular student. In her case, her son could have stayed at a K-8 or transferred to a combined middle and high school, with each option presenting a different kind of middle school experience. He’s happy at the K-8 where he stayed, she said, but parents and students should have the chance to make those decisions.

The new universal enrollment system is poised to give more families that chance. In the course of the rollout, though, there may be a few glitches.

“We’re doing all we can to look into the future and foresee any technical problems and design solutions to that proactively,” Glass said. “That said, this is our first time, and we ask for people’s patience.”

Family Hubs

Why the Detroit district is turning its adult ed centers into places where families can find helpful services

PHOTO: Lori Higgins
Detroit Superintendent stops at one of the many community agencies that will be providing resources to the family hubs that will open in adult education centers in the district.

The Detroit school district is turning its two adult education centers into sites that will give parents access to a number of academic and community resources in one spot.

It’s a crucial part of Superintendent Nikolai Vitti’s rebuilding effort, because it goes beyond trying to fix curriculum and system failures, and instead works to connect with parents.

“It’s about breaking down walls and barriers and saying, ‘We don’t have all the answers, but we have access to resources that we want to give to you.’ You come in, you start to trust us, gain those resources and fill gaps in your own lives … So we can all do right by children.”

The family hubs, which will open in January, will be located at the district’s Adult Education Center East at 13840 Lappin and at the Adult Education Center West at 16164 Asbury Park. Both centers already offer a range of programming to help older students and adults earn high school diplomas or GEDs, while providing services such as tutoring and career exploration.

Now, those two sites will offer much more, including courses offered through the district’s Parent Academy that help parents learn how to help their children. And, thanks to partnerships with a number of community organizations, parents can also take advantage of other services, such as job training, home ownership classes, and mental health services. There will also be food and clothing donations.

PHOTO: Lori Higgins
Detroit Superintendent Nikolai Vitti announces the creation of family hubs to connect parents with resources.

“By concentrating in one location, we eliminate that red tape and that bureaucracy,” Vitti said at an event announcing the family hubs this week.

“You come here thinking, ‘I’m just going to learn about literacy,’ and then you find out there’s an opportunity to pay a light bill or there’s an opportunity to get job development.”

Iesha Spencer was among the parents the district sought feedback from as the hubs were being developed. She’s a student at the Adult Education Center West.

The hubs, Spencer said, “will be a great opportunity for families to all come together and learn and grow.”

PHOTO: Lori Higgins
A representative of a community organization talks to those attending an event to announce the creation of family hubs in the Detroit school district.

Among the partners who are part of the hubs is the Detroit Training Center, which provides job training in a number of areas, including construction trades, building maintenance, and blight removal. The company will provide some of that training at the hubs.

“If you’re looking for a job, come on down,” Patrick Beal, CEO of the Detroit Training Center, said at the event.

There also will be other activities, such as family dinner clubs, crochet clubs and book clubs, said Sharlonda Buckman, an assistant superintendent in the district.

“We also want to socialize and have fun together. This is about building a social network,” Buckman said.

These are the partners working with the district in the hubs:

 

  • Accounting Aids Society
  • Black Mothers Breast Feeding
  • Detroit Health Department
  • Detroit Land Bank
  • Detroit Parent Network
  • Detroit Training Center
  • Doors of Success
  • Dress for Success
  • Focus Hope
  • Forgotten Harvest
  • Western Michigan University

Want to take advantage of the hubs? You can visit the district’s web site here.