Leaders of the Pack

Efforts underway to boost number of NY teachers with national credentials

Of New York  City’s roughly 75,000 teachers, those who have earned highly regarded credentials from a teacher-quality group known as the National Board could fit in a single auditorium.

There are only 207 National Board-certified teachers in New York City, and just 1,600 across the state. By contrast, in Washington, a state with fewer than a quarter of the teachers in New York, there are more than 7,200 National Board-certified teachers.

But New York’s number could soon get a big boost from the state, which received federal grant money to help more teachers earn the credentials, and from a group of National Board-certified teachers in the city that has committed to swelling its ranks.

The campaign comes at time when ensuring teacher quality is a top policy concern, but efforts to enact that goal through state-imposed teacher evaluations have faced some resistance. Meanwhile, teachers who complete the voluntary National Board certification process, which can take years, have been shown to raise student achievement.

“How do you take teachers who have gone through this incredibly rigorous, performance-based process and capitalize on their expertise?” said Geneviève DeBose, a National Board-certified teacher from the Bronx who now works for the organization. “There’s a lot more we can be doing.”

The nonprofit National Board for Professional Teaching Standards emerged from an education task force in the 1980s that aimed to raise the quality the instruction by creating higher teaching standards. Unlike today’s teacher evaluations, which are mandatory measures meant to spur teacher improvement and root out poor performers, the National Board’s certification process is voluntary and open only to teachers with at least three years experience.

Teachers who want those credentials must pass several exams and submit classroom videos, student work, and written reflections to prove they meet the National Board’s standards. That process can take several years, with less than half of candidates earning their credentials on the first attempt, according to DeBose.

The National Board recently won a $15 million federal grant to help New York and a handful of other states and large school districts urge more teachers in high-needs schools to earn the credentials and to guide teachers through the process. The grant winners must also help National Board-certified teachers become instructional leaders in their schools, which could include mentoring peers, heading up departments, or running model classrooms, DeBose said.

Beginning next month, New York districts and schools will be able to apply for funding to do this. Five winners will be selected.

Their task will be to “demystify” and spell out the benefits of the certification process, which is still unfamiliar to many educators, said Stephanie Wood-Garnett, an assistant commissioner in the State Education Department.

In New York State, teachers can receive a grant to cover the $2,500 cost of certification. Completing that process also relieves teachers from the 175 hours of professional development and a master’s degree normally required to earn a permanent teaching license. (Some teachers have also proposed a rule change to allow their National Board work to count for a portion of their evaluations while they are in the certification process, which would need local district and union approval, and possibly legislative signoff.) In New York City, National Board certification bumps teachers up to the highest pay grade.

More importantly, the certification process pushes experienced educators to reflect on and refine their practice, said Wood-Garnett. A 2012 Harvard University study found that Los Angeles students who were taught by National Board-certified teachers outperformed their peers.

“Any teacher I’ve ever worked with, they always say, ‘It’s the best professional development I’ve ever had in my career,’” Wood-Garnett said.

The credentials also validate teachers’ hard-won expertise and connect them with like-minded colleagues, said Lorraine Scorsone, one of the city’s first National Board-certified teachers. For more than a decade, Scorsone has led a support program for certification candidates run by the city teachers union. The candidates watch the videos and read the essays their peers will submit to the National Board, then ask probing questions.

“Through answering those questions,” Scorsone said, “a gem will come out.”

In December, about three-dozen National Board-certified teachers met in the city and discussed ways they could get more teachers to join them. They considered enlisting their principals as recruitment allies, hosting a citywide training conference, and mentoring colleagues through the certification process.

Pauline Sawyers, a National Board-certified teacher at I.S. 52 in Upper Manhattan, has already started that work. She is guiding six colleagues at her school through the process, which she said amounts to much more than just a portfolio and some tests.

“It’s one of those things,” Sawyers said, “that really helps you see your profession in a new light.”

What's Your Education Story?

As the 2018 school year begins, join us for storytelling from Indianapolis educators

PHOTO: Dylan Peers McCoy/Chalkbeat
Sarah TeKolste, right, and Lori Jenkins at a Teacher Story Slam, in April.

In partnership with Teachers Lounge Indy, Chalkbeat is hosting another teacher story slam this fall featuring educators from across the city.

Over the past couple of years, Chalkbeat has brought readers personal stories from teachers and students through the events. Some of our favorites touched on how a teacher won the trust of her most skeptical student, why another teacher decided to come out to his students, and one educator’s call to ramp up the number of students pursuing a college education.

The event, 5:30 p.m. Thursday, Sept. 13, is free and open to the public — please RSVP here.

Event details:

5:30 p.m. to 7:30 p.m.
Thursday, Sept. 13, 2018
Tube Factory artspace
1125 Cruft St., Indianapolis, IN 46203
Get tickets here and find more on Facebook

More in What's Your Education Story?

School safety

Hiring more security officers in Memphis after school shootings could have unintended consequences

PHOTO: Jahi Chikwendiu/The Washington Post/Getty Images

Tennessee’s largest district, Shelby County Schools, is slated to add more school resource officers under the proposed budget for next school year.

Superintendent Dorsey Hopson earmarked $2 million to hire 30 school resource officers in addition to the 98 already in some of its 150-plus schools. The school board is scheduled to vote on the budget Tuesday.

But an increase in law enforcement officers could have unintended consequences.

A new state law that bans local governments from refusing to cooperate with federal immigration officials could put school resource officers in an awkward position.

Tennessee Education Commissioner Candice McQueen recently reminded school personnel they are not obligated to release student information regarding immigration status. School resource officers employed by police or sheriff’s departments, however, do not answer to school districts. Shelby County Schools is still reviewing the law, but school board members have previously gone on the record emphasizing their commitment to protecting undocumented students.

“Right now we are just trying to get a better understanding of the law and the impact that it may have,” said Natalia Powers, a district spokeswoman.

Also, incidents of excessive force and racial bias toward black students have cropped up in recent years. Two white Memphis officers were fired in 2013 after hitting a black student and wrestling her to the ground because she was “yelling and cussing” on school grounds. And mothers of four elementary school students recently filed a lawsuit against a Murfreesboro officer who arrested them at school in 2016 for failing to break up a fight that occurred off-campus.

Just how common those incidents are in Memphis is unclear. In response to Chalkbeat’s query for the number and type of complaints in the last two school years, Shelby County Schools said it “does not have any documents responsive to this request.”

Currently, 38 school resource officers are sheriff’s deputies, and the rest are security officers hired by Shelby County Schools. The officers respond and work to prevent criminal activity in all high schools and middle schools, Hopson said. The 30 additional officers would augment staffing at some schools and for the first time, branch out to some elementary schools. Hopson said those decisions will be based on crime rates in surrounding neighborhoods and school incidents.

Hopson’s initial recommendation for more school resource officers was in response to the school shooting in Parkland, Florida, that killed 17 people and sparked a wave of student activism on school safety, including in Memphis.

Gov. Bill Haslam’s recent $30 million budget boost would allow school districts across Tennessee to hire more law enforcement officers or improve building security. Measures to arm some teachers with guns or outlaw certain types of guns have fallen flat.

For more on the role and history of school resource officers in Tennessee, read our five things to know.

Sheriff’s deputies and district security officers meet weekly, said Capt. Dallas Lavergne of the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office. When the Memphis Police Department pulled their officers out of school buildings following the merger of city and county school systems, the county Sheriff’s Office replaced them with deputies.

All deputy recruits go through school resource officer training, and those who are assigned to schools get additional annual training. In a 2013 review of police academies across the nation, Tennessee was cited as the only state that had specific training for officers deployed to schools.