Colorado

October count looms over flood-hit districts

Flood-impacted districts across the state are scrambling to get their students back in classrooms as they face the looming October date when their enrollment is measured for the purpose of state funding.

Larimer County evacuees board school buses. (Photo credit: Wyoming National Guard)
Larimer County evacuees board school buses. (Photo credit: Wyoming National Guard)

In Boulder Valley School District (BVSD), where some school facilities were destroyed or totally cut off, the district is hoping for some flexibility from the Colorado Department of Education (CDE).

“We’ve been told that for impacted students, there will be some leeway granted,” said Briggs Gamblin, BVSD’s communications director.

At a meeting Monday with eight superintendents from impacted districts, Colorado Commissioner of Education Robert Hammond and Sen. Michael Bennett discussed the issue of the October count.

The CDE allows a few modifications of the Oct. 1 count day. Those include selecting an alternate count day or counting students who were in school for five days on either side of Oct. 1 but not on the day itself. Districts may also count students who were in attendance prior to Oct. 1 and then subsequently absent, but only if they return within 30 days. State officials are also looking into the possibility of a “retroactive” count day, in other words using the number of students in attendance on some date prior to flooding.

In the meantime, districts are using their available resources to add bus routes for students who lack transportation, to provide clothes and school supplies for students who need them and locate students whose whereabouts are still unknown to their home school.

Getting to school

Some districts are trying to get their students back in school by removing one of the biggest barriers: transportation.

In Boulder, where flooding trapped students living up many of the nearby canyons, the district has opened the mountain schools. For those students who do not attend school in Boulder, they are back in class, same as usual. For students who live near Nederland but who attend school in Boulder, the district has provided a shuttle down to town. The drive takes about two hours each way, since buses have to travel via Golden to avoid washed-out roads.

“That’s a lot of time on the bus and we don’t really know if it’s going to work,” said Gamblin.

So the district is considering some alternatives, including sending classroom materials over the internet.

“Some parents are asking for something online where teachers can send instruction and work to students,” said Gamblin.

In Jamestown, where the school building is completely unreachable, the district has brought the classroom to its students. For 11 students who were trapped in a Jamestown subdivision during flooding, the district has set up a classroom right at home.

“Eleven [Jamestown students] live in a mountain subdivision called Bar K ranch and one of their teachers lives up in Ward,” said Gamblin. “So the teacher and a classroom [paraprofessional] are going to teach them there.”

The other 12 Jamestown students stranded in Boulder are having class too, in a designated classroom at Community Montessori.

Greeley, like many other districts, has increased bus service to neighborhoods where displaced students or students whose family lost their method of transport are living.

“We’ve created little hubs in different neighborhoods to pick up students and get them to their home schools,” said Theresa Myers, the director of communication for the Greeley 6 school district. Even so, she said, “some students are getting to school a little bit late.”

However, the increased bus routes are draining the district’s resources, which may impact their academic plans for the year.

“It’s draining our resources immensely,” said Myers. “Basically all of our Title I funds are gone. We’ve been very lucky to get donations from the public.”

Estes Park, on the other hand, is busing fewer students.

“We’re actually doing less busing because some roads are still closed,” said Patrick Hickey, Estes Park School District R-3’s superintendent. “We’re putting more students on few buses.”

Students who are trapped on the the other side of closed roads are going to great lengths to get to school, according to Hickey.

“Students are walking to get out to where the school bus is,” said Hickey. “People are going to some pretty extraordinary efforts to get in.”

Some hard-hit districts aren’t seeing heavy impacts on their schools. St. Vrain School District, which includes the washed-out town of Lyons, has seen no significant absenteeism or loss of students.

“Our Lyons schools had a lot of displaced students,” said John Poynton, executive director of communications for the school district. “[But] we have not seen any dramatic exodus. That’s a very tight knit community and school.”

Lyons students are currently attending class in Longmont, where a lot of families are in temporary housing.

Locating students

Even in districts where school buildings are intact, staff are struggling to locate displaced students who may not have returned to their home school or may not have a permanent place to stay.

In Greeley, the district’s facilities escaped without any physical damage, but nearly 800 students are now officially homeless. That’s up from 131 homeless students prior to flooding.

The resulting impact on attendance has been dramatic.

“We’ve had a definite rise in absences,” said Myers. “The problem is that it fluctuates every day because people don’t have a permanent housing solution.”

In the past week, Greeley has recorded rates of absenteeism as high as 1,100 students in a single day, more than double the typical rate. With count day looming, Myers said the district’s primary goal is to locate all the kids, whether they are in their original school or not.

“We’ve emphasized for our principals and teachers that their primary goal over the next week is to find their kids, wherever they are,” said Myers. The district is also working to provide clothes and school supplies to now-homeless students.

Both Greeley and Estes Park are facing the possibility that students may be leaving the district, due to the loss of homes or family employment

“We’ve had 30 [students] that have dis-enrolled,” said Hickey. Attendance in his district is near normal levels, although Hickey anticipates using one of the CDE’s alternative October count strategies.

Poudre Valley School District in Fort Collins has not seen any impacts on its students, although staff are on the lookout for families transferring from other districts. Few have so far, said a spokesman for the district.

For Hickey, getting his district’s back into a normal school routine is about more than the October count.

“We’re pushing really hard to get them back to a sense of normalcy,” he said. “Getting these kids together and talking and sharing experiences is a positive side of it.”

Myers agreed, saying that once kids are back in the classroom, they’ll find school is just the same.

“Once you get in to the schools, you wouldn’t know anything is different,” she said.

School safety

Hiring more security officers in Memphis after school shootings could have unintended consequences

PHOTO: Jahi Chikwendiu/The Washington Post/Getty Images

Tennessee’s largest district, Shelby County Schools, is slated to add more school resource officers under the proposed budget for next school year.

Superintendent Dorsey Hopson earmarked $2 million to hire 30 school resource officers in addition to the 98 already in some of its 150-plus schools. The school board is scheduled to vote on the budget Tuesday.

But an increase in law enforcement officers could have unintended consequences.

A new state law that bans local governments from refusing to cooperate with federal immigration officials could put school resource officers in an awkward position.

Tennessee Education Commissioner Candice McQueen recently reminded school personnel they are not obligated to release student information regarding immigration status. School resource officers employed by police or sheriff’s departments, however, do not answer to school districts. Shelby County Schools is still reviewing the law, but school board members have previously gone on the record emphasizing their commitment to protecting undocumented students.

“Right now we are just trying to get a better understanding of the law and the impact that it may have,” said Natalia Powers, a district spokeswoman.

Also, incidents of excessive force and racial bias toward black students have cropped up in recent years. Two white Memphis officers were fired in 2013 after hitting a black student and wrestling her to the ground because she was “yelling and cussing” on school grounds. And mothers of four elementary school students recently filed a lawsuit against a Murfreesboro officer who arrested them at school in 2016 for failing to break up a fight that occurred off-campus.

Just how common those incidents are in Memphis is unclear. In response to Chalkbeat’s query for the number and type of complaints in the last two school years, Shelby County Schools said it “does not have any documents responsive to this request.”

Currently, 38 school resource officers are sheriff’s deputies, and the rest are security officers hired by Shelby County Schools. The officers respond and work to prevent criminal activity in all high schools and middle schools, Hopson said. The 30 additional officers would augment staffing at some schools and for the first time, branch out to some elementary schools. Hopson said those decisions will be based on crime rates in surrounding neighborhoods and school incidents.

Hopson’s initial recommendation for more school resource officers was in response to the school shooting in Parkland, Florida, that killed 17 people and sparked a wave of student activism on school safety, including in Memphis.

Gov. Bill Haslam’s recent $30 million budget boost would allow school districts across Tennessee to hire more law enforcement officers or improve building security. Measures to arm some teachers with guns or outlaw certain types of guns have fallen flat.


For more on the role and history of school resource officers in Tennessee, read our five things to know.


Sheriff’s deputies and district security officers meet weekly, said Capt. Dallas Lavergne of the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office. When the Memphis Police Department pulled their officers out of school buildings following the merger of city and county school systems, the county Sheriff’s Office replaced them with deputies.

All deputy recruits go through school resource officer training, and those who are assigned to schools get additional annual training. In a 2013 review of police academies across the nation, Tennessee was cited as the only state that had specific training for officers deployed to schools.

call out

Our readers had a lot to say in 2017. Make your voice heard in 2018.

PHOTO: Chris Hill/Whitney Achievement School
Teacher Carl Schneider walks children home in 2015 as part of the after-school walking program at Whitney Achievement Elementary School in Memphis. This photograph went viral and inspired a First Person reflection from Schneider in 2017.

Last year, some of our most popular pieces came from readers who told their stories in a series that we call First Person.

For instance, Carl Schneider wrote about the 2015 viral photograph that showed him walking his students home from school in a low-income neighborhood of Memphis. His perspective on what got lost in the shuffle continues to draw thousands of readers.

First Person is also a platform to influence policy. Recent high school graduate Anisah Karim described the pressure she felt to apply to 100 colleges in the quest for millions of dollars in scholarships. Because of her piece, the school board in Memphis is reviewing the so-called “million-dollar scholar” culture at some high schools.

Do you have a story to tell or a point to make? In 2018, we want to give an even greater voice to students, parents, teachers, administrators, advocates and others who are trying to improve public education in Tennessee. We’re looking for essays of 500 to 750 words grounded in personal experience.

Whether your piece is finished or you just have an idea to discuss, drop a line to Community Editor Caroline Bauman at cbauman@chalkbeat.org.

But first, check out these top First Person pieces from Tennesseans in 2017:

My high school told me to apply to 100 colleges — and I almost lost myself in the process

“A counselor never tried to determine what the absolute best school for me would be. I wasted a lot of time, money and resources trying to figure that out. And I almost lost myself in the process.” —Anisah Karim     

Why I’m not anxious about where my kids go to school — but do worry about the segregation that surrounds us

“In fact, it will be a good thing for my boys to learn alongside children who are different from them in many ways — that is one advantage they will have that I did not, attending parochial schools in a lily-white suburb.” —Mary Jo Cramb

I covered Tennessee’s ed beat for Chalkbeat. Here’s what I learned.

“Apathy is often cited as a major problem facing education. That’s not the case in Tennessee.” —Grace Tatter

I went viral for walking my students home from school in Memphis. Here’s what got lost in the shuffle.

“When #blacklivesmatter is a controversial statement; when our black male students have a one in three chance of facing jail time; when kids in Memphis raised in the bottom fifth of the socioeconomic bracket have a 2.6 percent chance of climbing to the top fifth — our walking students home does not fix that, either.” —Carl Schneider

I think traditional public schools are the backbone of democracy. My child attends a charter school. Let’s talk.

“It was a complicated choice to make. The dialogue around school choice in Nashville, though, doesn’t often include much nuance — or many voices of parents like me.” —Aidan Hoyal

I grew up near Charlottesville and got a misleading education about Civil War history. Students deserve better.

“In my classroom discussions, the impetus for the Civil War was resigned to a debate over the balance of power between federal and state governments. Slavery was taught as a footnote to the cause of the war.” —Laura Faith Kebede