Who Is In Charge

Wade and Barry show highlights fiscal divide

After spending a day and a half trying to absorb brain-numbing financial presentations, printed reports and Power Point slides, it was only fair that members of the state Fiscal Stability Commission got a little entertainment Thursday afternoon.

The commission, created by the 2009 legislature to study the state’s fiscal structure and recommend changes, started work Wednesday. Ten of the 16 members are non-legislators, so the agenda for the first two days was heavy on background briefings about state revenues and spending, statutory and constitutional requirements, the current revenue crisis, the state of the economy and much more.

But Thursday’s final presentation, featuring leaders of the liberal Bell Policy Center and the conservative Independence Institute, was lighter on numbers and heavier on philosophy, with a bit of entertainment.

Wade Buchanan, president of the Bell, told the panel, “I think you’ve seen all the numbers you need to see,” but he did give them just a few in a Power Point presentation that highlighted the sluggish past and future of state general fund revenues.

“We are at a historic low point” of state spending as a percentage of total state personal income. “Our general fund revenues are deteriorating; [that’s] the single most important fact you guys need to deal with,” Buchanan said.

The state has three choices, Buchanan said – modernize the revenue system and increase general fund revenues, close down some state programs or “try to keep muddling through.”

Buchanan has a low-key manner and opened his remarks with a story about his grandparents and their struggles and successes during the Depression.

The white-haired Barry Poulson, a senior fellow at Independence and a CU-Boulder economics professor, is anything but low key and opened his comments by emphatically declaring, “Colorado is not experiencing a fiscal crisis.”

Arms waving for emphasis, Poulson moved into a conservative’s critique of California’s fiscal mess; defense of the Taxpayer’s Bill of Rights; a call for even stronger spending, revenue and debt limits, and suggestions for greater financial transparency, banning of earmarks and reform of Medicaid.

“I’ve stop ranting and raving,” he said in closing.

Buchanan and Poulson spoke separately but took questions together, leading to some lively if good-natured exchanges.

Panel member Sen. John Morse, D-Colorado Springs, said, “We are looking at what I consider to be a budget catastrophe” and asked Poulson if he thought the commission was even necessary.

“My advice is do no harm,” Poulson said.

He and Buchanan had a bit of back and forth over whether Colorado government has grown as fast of the state economy in recent year; it turned out they were using different figures.

“They want to raise taxes,” Poulson said, looking at Buchanan. “I would favor a stable revenue system at a slightly higher level,” Buchanan replied.

The session provided enough fun that the audience in the packed Capitol hearing room applauded briefly when it finished. “We’ve had two hours of wonderful dialogue,” said Sen. Rollie Heath, R-Boulder and commission chair. “This is the conversation this committee is going to have.”

The panel represents a wide spectrum of ideological views, but those were muted during the two days of data-heavy presentations.

Earlier Thursday the commission heard from state Treasurer Cary Kennedy and Joint Budget Committee Chair Sen. Moe Keller, D-Wheat Ridge, plus three private sector fiscal experts and representatives of local government such as Sam Mamet of the Colorado Municipal League.

(Keller testified at length about the state’s current budget crisis, which will be up to the 2010 legislature to solve, not the commission. But, that immediate problem will hang over the panel’s deliberations. Tom Clark, executive vice president Metro Denver Economic Development Corp., was one of the experts who testified.)

The panel faces two more days of briefings at meetings on July 28 and 29 and is expected to move into detailed debate among its members when it convenes on Aug. 19 and 20.

The overarching issue, Heath said, is “What kind of state do we want to have, what’s the role of government and how do we pay for it?”

Decision makers

5 things to know about Austan Goolsbee, the high-powered new addition to Chicago’s school board

PHOTO: Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images
In 2013, Austan Goolsbee testified before the Congressional Joint Economic Committee on Capitol Hill about the nation's economic recovery

Chicago’s school board is once again complete after outgoing mayor Rahm Emanuel chose a University of Chicago economist to fill a long-vacant seat.

Austan Goolsbee, an economics professor at University of Chicago’s Booth School of Business, will round out the seven-member, mayor-appointed board that sets education policy in the city.

Here are five things to know about Goolsbee:

  1. Like Emanuel, he served in the Obama White House. Goolsbee was as a close adviser to President Barack Obama, eventually becoming chair of his Council of Economic Advisors. The Chicago Teachers Union see this tie as a liability. “Mr. Goolsbee comes into a board responsible for students and their schools being starved of resources for the last eight years by the man who appointed him,” the union said in a statement. “Those same neighborhoods continue to struggle from the consequences of a foreclosure crisis that the administration he served in Washington failed to address.”
  2. He has weighed in on education before. A prolific opinion writer, he has written favorably about the economic arguments for universal prekindergarten, a priority for the outgoing mayor, saying that expanding early childhood education is a bargain over the long term. In a 2015 survey of economists’ positions on public issues, Goolsbee expressed optimism about “value-added” measures that try to isolate the impact of individual teachers on student test scores — though he qualified the approach as having “lots of noise and unobservables.” Expressing uncertainty about vouchers, Goolsbee said he fears that letting parents use public funds to pay for private school tuition could harm public schools, which have fixed costs cannot easily be reduced when students leave them. (A tax-credit version of vouchers launched in Illinois last year but now faces an uncertain future under a new Democratic governor.)
  3. He’ll bring a focus on fiscal policy to a board that oversees a big and uncertain budget. A close economic adviser to President Obama and prolific commenter on matters of economic policy in the national media, he’s joining a board that oversees $8 billion in outstanding debt. Chicago has credited the passage of an equitable funding bill, in 2017, for helping stabilize its finances. But the district’s economic future is uncertain, especially as families continue to leave the city.
  4. His personal public school experience is limited. He attended an elite private high school in the suburbs of Boston where he grew up, and his children attended the University of Chicago’s Lab School both before and after the family’s time in Washington, D.C., he has said in interviews.
  5. He’s got a following, and a sense of humor. For proof, check out his Twitter feed, which has 80,000 followers, and his October appearance on the popular NPR quiz show “Wait, Wait, Don’t Tell Me.” Plus, his official University of Chicago profile lists a special interest in improv comedy. That sets him apart from the rest of the school board members, who tend to keep a low public profile.  

How long Goolsbee serves could depend on what happens after Emanuel leaves office in early 2019. Chicago’s mayor has controlled the city school board since 1995, but Emanuel’s decision not to seek a third term has heightened debate about whether the city’s schools have benefitted.

In 2011 and 2015, voters backed non-binding resolutions that would make the board democratically elected. Now, two of the leading candidates in the mayor’s race, Cook County Board President Toni Preckwinkle and state comptroller Susana Mendoza, have said they’d support an elected school board — reducing their own power over education if they become mayor.

How soon a change could happen is unclear, but state lawmakers who would have to sign off on such a change have an ally in Gov.-elect J.B. Pritzker, who has said he supports the call for an elected school board.

The issue was a point of debate at a Chalkbeat Chicago event this week at Malcolm X College. At the event, titled “Education for All? Chicago’s Next Mayor and the Future of Public Schools,” some panelists voiced concern that elections would be dominated by well-organized factions, such as the teachers union, that would have the ability to outspend other candidates.

Super Search

The pressing question at Denver’s final forum: How will Susana Cordova tackle inequity?

PHOTO: AAron Ontiveroz/The Denver Post
Susana Cordova poses for a portrait in December 2018.

The challenges that Susana Cordova will face if she’s hired next week as superintendent of the Denver school district were laid bare at a public forum Tuesday night.

Standing in a high school cafeteria with a microphone in her hand, the deputy superintendent and sole finalist for the top job faced tough questions about why struggling schools have high numbers of inexperienced teachers, whether she would commit to removing all police officers from schools, and what she would do about what one student called the “charter-ization” of Denver Public Schools — that is, the district’s practice of replacing low-performing district-run schools, sometimes with charter schools.

The most heated and emotional exchanges, however, were about inequities: Why is the district not serving black, Latino, and Native American students as well as white students? Why do test score gaps exist between students from poor families and those from wealthier ones?

Onecia Garcia, a senior at East High School, the city’s largest school and one of its most diverse, told Cordova there is a noticeable gap at East between the kids whose parents have money to pay for tutors and SAT prep courses, and the kids whose parents don’t.

“I want to know what your plan is to get that gap in order,” Garcia said.

In response to Garcia’s question and others like it, Cordova acknowledged that institutional racism exists in Denver Public Schools and has contributed to those gaps. She said the district needs to do a better job informing families about opportunities such as free SAT help and concurrent enrollment classes that allow students to earn college credit while in high school.

Cordova, who grew up in Denver and climbed the district ranks from teacher to her current position of deputy superintendent, talked about making it mandatory for all teachers to undergo training on bias and being culturally responsive, instead of allowing some to opt out.

Cordova said one of her top priorities would be to take the myriad and disparate efforts the district has started over the years to address specific inequities and combine them into one comprehensive plan. She called it “an equity plan that is for all kids, but that also has the specifics for African-American kids, for Latino kids, for low-income kids.”

“It is important that we’re not introducing too many things that you can’t keep a focus,” she said. “I think that’s a valid criticism of the work that we’ve done: We’ve introduced too many things that have made it hard to understand what is the progress that we’re trying to get at.”

But after the forum, Garcia said she didn’t feel Cordova had fully answered the questions. Other students who attended said they felt the same way.

“She wasn’t willing to commit to anything,” said Jonathan Bateman, a freshman at George Washington High School, where the forum was held.

“She answered questions like a politician,” said Carlye Raabe, also a freshman at George Washington.

Cordova emphasized that if she’s hired as superintendent, she’ll approach the job differently than her predecessor, Tom Boasberg, who stepped down in October after nearly 10 years of leading Denver Public Schools. Boasberg was often criticized for not listening to the community.

“I believe deeply in the power of relationships,” Cordova said. “I think it’s really important that we’re not just listening to people who think like I think or who sound like I sound, but who have different experiences, because Denver is an incredibly diverse place.”

The school board is expected to vote Monday on whether to appoint Cordova to the top job.